Dedicated to Effective Intelligence

Thoughtful study, wide interests and thorough research are vital to sound intelligence. We take the time to research topics where we can, in order to gain broader and deeper knowledge that improves our ability to deliver useful systems.

Below are selected academic and technical papers that showcase our interests and provide some viewpoints that we hope inform, challenge, or are otherwise useful to you.

UK Cabinet Office Journal

We usually have too little time and too much data to assess, communicate and act before the situation changes. To cope, we work in groups and use various analytic techniques. This paper claims that the pros and cons of using them are poorly understood, and proposes some ways to find out what the trade-offs are.


An outline feasibility of a ground-based gun that delivers sufficient muzzle velocity to its ammunition for it to reach at least low earth orbit.


Some chemicals within a system can indicate other potentially dangerous pollutants. For example, the proportion of Carbon-14 in the atmosphere could indicate the proportion of CO2 in the atmosphere that has been introduced from burning fossil fuels and producing cement. Where systems are made of interconnected resevoirs however, such calculations are not clear.

In this white paper we model the distribution of dye (acting as a trace element) as it diffuses through a system of inter-connected containers…

Mathematics in Research. University of Birmingham. 2019 - Eva Summerfield

A brief typology of graph packing and decomposition methods. This paper discusses, collates and presents some of the fundamental findings within the field such as ‘The Hamilton Cycle Problem’ and ‘The Tree Packing Conjecture.’

ITEC 2018 Confrence Paper. May 22, 2018 - Martin Hill and John Salt

The right information must be balanced by the right ignorance to avoid overloading intelligence work. Analysts are therefore trained in mechanical simplifications – such as hatching out areas on maps – that are appropriate to particular circumstances but fail catastrophically in others. The solution is not to throw out the simplifications but to train in awareness of their limitations and the ability to adapt as required

arvix. February 7, 2018 - Martin Hill

Attempts to re-establish the concept of a “nascent black hole” as the correct approach for modelling black holes from remote reference frames.

EJISE. Cranfield University. Janruary 1, 2011 - Antigo Hidalgo Landa, Istvan Szabo, Liam Le Brun, Ian Owen, Graham Fletcher and Martin Hill

Scoping reviews assess the extent of a body of literature on a particular topic, in order to ensure that further research in that area is new, and a beneficial addition to world knowledge. It is typically the first stage of a research project, informing the following work, and so can have a significant impact on…

ECIME. 2010. September 10, 2010 - Martin Hill and John Salt

Junior military commanders must cope with evidence provided in various forms across many bearers from several sources. They need to remember and combine long extracts from briefings, recent radio messages, background contexts and regulations, verbal shouts from nearby soldiers and heavily constrained senses (due to smoke, noise, sheltering in cover…

Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XIV 2005 - Walton, Harrison, Richards, Hill

AstroGrid, a UK eScience Project with collaborating groups drawn from the major UK data archive centres, is creating the UK’s Virtual Observatory…

ECIME 2011 - Martin Hill, John Salt, Graham Fletcher

Small co-located teams can share ‘Common Operating Pictures’ to enable high levels of cooperation and backup amongst the team members. However, when teams are large or distributed across poor communications networks, sharing operating pictures with all members of the team can consume so much communication resource and individual attention that it reduces the team’s effectiveness.

This paper introduces the costs and benefits of distributing picture components, and ways…

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